salt

salt
salt [sôlt]
n.
[ME < OE sealt, akin to Ger salz < IE base * sal-, salt > L sal, Gr hāls, salt, Sans salila, salty]
1. sodium chloride, NaCl, a white, crystalline substance with a characteristic taste, found in natural beds, in sea water, etc., and used for seasoning and preserving foods, etc.
2. a chemical compound derived from an acid by replacing hydrogen, wholly or partly, with a metal or an electropositive radical: the salt of an -ous acid is usually indicated by the suffix -ite, the salt of an -ic acid by the suffix -ate
3. that which lends a tang or piquancy; esp., sharp pungent humor or wit
4. SALTCELLAR
5. [pl.] any of various mineral salts used as a cathartic, as Epsom salts, or to soften bath water, as a restorative, etc.
6. Informal a sailor, esp. an experienced one
adj.
1. containing salt
2. preserved with salt
3. tasting or smelling of salt
4. Now Rare pungent or biting
5.
a) flooded with salt water
b) growing in salt water
vt.
1. to sprinkle or season with salt
2. to preserve with salt or in a salt solution
3. to provide with salt
4. to treat with salt in chemical processes
5. to season or give a tang to [to salt a speech with wit]
6. to give artificial value to; specif.,
a) to alter (books, prices, etc.) in order to give false value
b) to scatter minerals or ores in (a mine), put oil in (a well), etc. in order to deceive prospective buyers
——————
above the salt or below the salt
in a more honored (or less honored) position: From the former practice of placing guests at the upper or lower part of a table with a bowl of salt in the middle
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salt away or salt down
1. to pack and preserve with salt
2. Informal to store or save (money, etc.)
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salt of the earth
[see Matt. 5:13] any person or persons regarded as the finest, noblest, etc.
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salt out
to precipitate or separate (a substance) from its solution by the addition of a soluble salt
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with a grain of salt or with a pinch of salt
[Latinized as cum grano salis] with some doubt, allowance for exaggeration, etc.; skeptically
——————
worth one's salt
worth one's wages, sustenance, etc.
saltlike
adj.
saltness
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

  • Salt — Salt, n. [AS. sealt; akin to OS. & OFries. salt, D. zout, G. salz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. salt, L. sal, Gr. ?, Russ. sole, Ir. & Gael. salann, W. halen, of unknown origin. Cf. {Sal}, {Salad}, {Salary}, {Saline}, {Sauce}, {Sausage}.] 1. The chloride… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salt — Salt, a. [Compar. {Salter}; superl. {Saltest}.] [AS. sealt, salt. See {Salt}, n.] 1. Of or relating to salt; abounding in, or containing, salt; prepared or preserved with, or tasting of, salt; salted; as, salt beef; salt water. Salt tears.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salt — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para las conversaciones sobre limitación de armas estratégicas véase: SALT Salt Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Salt — • Always used for the seasoning of food and for the preservation of things from corruption, had from very early days a sacred and religious character Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Salt     Salt …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SALT — 〈[ sɔ:lt] Abk. für engl.〉 Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Verhandlungen (zw. den USA u. der ehem. UdSSR) über Vereinbarungen zur Begrenzung strateg. Waffen * * * I SALT   [sɔːlt],    1) Astronomie: Abk.Abkürzung für engl.englisch Southern… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • salt — ► NOUN 1) (also common salt) sodium chloride, a white crystalline substance which gives seawater its characteristic taste and is used for seasoning or preserving food. 2) Chemistry any compound formed by the reaction of an acid with a base, with… …   English terms dictionary

  • SALT — oder Salt bezeichnet: Southern African Large Telescope eine Gruppe von Verträgen zur nuklearen Rüstungsbegrenzung, siehe Strategic Arms Limitation Talks eine Reihe von proprietären Erweiterungen zu HTML, cHTML, XHTML und WML, siehe Speech… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Salt — Salt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Salted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Salting}.] 1. To sprinkle, impregnate, or season with salt; to preserve with salt or in brine; to supply with salt; as, to salt fish, beef, or pork; to salt cattle. [1913 Webster] 2. To fill… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • salt — SALT, salturi, s.n. 1. Mişcare bruscă prin care corpul se desprinde de la pământ, sărind pe loc sau deplasându se; mişcare de deplasare bruscă în zbor. 2. Trecere bruscă de la o situaţie ori stare la alta. – Din lat. saltus, it. salto. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Salt — (englisch für „Salz“) steht für: Salt (Girona), Stadt im Nordwesten von Spanien Salt (Kryptologie), in der Kryptografie ein zusätzlicher zufälliger Schlüssel Salt (Film), US amerikanischer Film aus dem Jahr 2010 Die Abkürzung SALT steht für:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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